here st luke is not shown writing. After Charlemagne’s legacy had begun to die out, the warlike tribes in what is now Germany (then Saxony) banded together to elect a king from among their nobility. Start studying Darracott AP Art History: First Six Weeks 2012. The Bernward Doors (German: Bernwardstür) are the two leaves of a pair of Ottonian or Romanesque bronze doors, made c. 1015 for Hildesheim Cathedral in Germany. In the Hillinus Codex, a monk presents the codex that he has written or painted (or both!) St Michael's Church was built between 1010 and 1020 on a symmetrical plan with two apses that was characteristic of Ottonian Romanesque art in Old Saxony. This was an enormous undertaking, and the process was so complex that it would not be replicated until the Renaissance. The church is a symmetrical design with double transepts, choirs, and apses meaning there is an apse and transept at both east and west ends. Together with Hildesheim Cathedral, it has formed part of the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Site since 1985. The ancient Benedictine abbey church of St Michael in Hildesheim, located in the north of Germany, is one of the key monuments of medieval art, built between 1010 and 1022 by Bernward, Bishop of Hildesheim. 4453 ; (right) Doors of the Hildesheim Church, c. 1015. The church is one of the most important examples of Ottonian architecture. St. Michael's Church (Abbey Church of St. Michael), Hildesheim, Germany, plan, longitudinal section, axonometric projection. Image of hour, church, world - 27145800 Both churches symbolise the heyday of religious art in the Holy Roman Empire, exemplify the creative skill of Bishop Bernward and are blessed with a wealth of famous historical art treasures. Other articles where Church of Saint Michael is discussed: Ottonian art: St. Michael’s (founded c. 1001), Hildesheim, exemplifies this regularity, with two crypts, two apses, and two transepts, each with a crossing tower. This cover is one of the most expensive that survives; it includes not only numerous jewels, but an ivory carving of the death of the Virgin Mary. bernard became the bishop of Hildesheim after been court chaplain. A.) This meant perpetuating a highly intellectual court and creating an extensive artistic legacy. St Mary’s Cathedral and St Michael’s Church at Hildesheim . the deeply incised and angular feature is a mask of agony from which life had fled. it focuses on being highly symmetrical thier are two identical transepts each with a tower towers at the cross section as well as a pair of stair turrets at the end of each transept . They were commissioned by Bishop Bernward of Hildesheim (938–1022). 5.) Describe the style of the Doors of Bishop Bernward. the doors are again highly expressive the background as in the ebbo Gosbels is fairly scetchy which encourages the reader ti see them as background information, while the individuals are highly dramatic with god pointing at adam whith adam pointing at eve and Eve pointing at the snake. A conversation with Dr. Nancy Ross and Jennifer Freeman. Consider the plan and the elevation. St. Michael’s Church, Hildesheim (1001–1031). Having lost his parents at an early age, he came under the care of his uncle Volkmar, Bishop of Utrecht, who entrusted his education to Thangmar, learned director of the cathedral school at Heidelberg.Under this master, Bernward made rapid progress in the sciences and in the liberal and … Figure 4. instead, he his gospel he seems as much a part of a mystical scene as he is its presenter, luke holds aloft an awesome cluster of clouds from which tongues of light radiate out in the clouds we see his symbol the ox along with the hebrew profets and an outer circle of angels representing his eyes are shown to be huge showing he is simply translating this vision which has been placed in his lap rather than doing any real writing himself. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. 13th-century unknown painters - The Sleeping Jesse - WGA19739.jpg 841 × … Hildesheim Cathedral, Germany. He was originally the tutor of Otto III during the regencey of Otto III mother Empress Theophano wife of OttoII. and Offerings by cain (grain) and abel (lamb) and the nativity. A powerful church was a statement of a powerful government. How does the Gero Crucifix relate to its viewers on a mystical level? This emphasises the very human suffering which Christ suffered for our sins. How is it similar to the Ebbo Gospels? Uta Codex (Uta Presents the Codex to Mary), c. 1020, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Clm. As you can see from the dedication pictures, the manuscripts in question are often depicted as they were frequently displayed, that is with the text securely enclosed between lavish metal covers. Life. St Michael's Church (dt.Michaeliskirche) was built ca. This contact with Rome was extremely important to Ottonian artistic development, since each Ottonian king was determined to define himself as a Roman Emperor in the style of Constantine and Charlemagne. St. Michaels at hidelstein is elevated on a hill it has two choirs and side entrances. A multimedia presentation provides playful and clear information about the UNESCO World Heritage in Hildesheim and provides an insight into the world heritage sites in the area and worldwide.
Touch screens, 3-D models, virtual historical panoramic views and interaction areas invite you to dive into multimedia worlds, record information and actively navigate through them. Ottonian Art St. Michael's Church, Hildesheim (1001-1031). the aisles and nace are unusually wide in relation to their length architect intended to strike a balance between the longitudinal and horizontal axis throughout the building. Hillinus Codex (Hillinus Presents the Codex to St. Peter), c.1020, Cologne Dombibliothek, folio 16, verso, manuscript 12. Abel offering his lamb and God offering his. St. Mary's Cathedral was built between 1010 and 1020 in Romanesque style. 1.) When you look at Ottonian art, keep in mind that the aim for these artists was not to create something that looked “realistic,” but rather to convey abstract concepts, many of which are deeply philosophical in nature. How do the Doors of Bishop Bernward use typological iconography? Manuscripts were most often produced of religious texts, and usually included a dedication portrait commemorating the book’s creation. Abbey Church of St. Michaels c. 1001-1031. St Michael’s is one of the rare major constructions in Europe around the turn of the millennium which still conveys a unified impression of artistry, without having undergone any substantial mutilations or … 9.) The church was damaged in World War II but h Figure 2. Today, St. Michael’s Church is one of three shared churches in Lower Saxony and is used jointly by Protestant and Catholic Christians. The work of the artist and scribe were often one and the same, as can be seen in many of the fantastic decorated initials that begin books or chapters in Ottonian Manuscripts. St. Michael's Church is situated at the Western rim of the city centre of Hildesheim, on the so-called Michaelishügel ("St. Michael's Hill"). Khan Academy Videos and Virtual Tour. Bernward came from a Saxon noble family. St. Mary's Cathedral and St. Michael's Church at Hildesheim are two inseparable monuments that are an exceptional testimony to the religious art of the Holy Roman Empire. What did the artist do to make the suffering of the figure more apparent? Figure 3. Sankt Michael, basilican church in Hildesheim, Ger., that was built between 1010 and 1033 under Bishop Bernward, famous teacher and confidant of the Holy Roman emperor Otto III. The forward budge of the heavy body emphasizes the physical strain on the arms and shoulders. though the exterior remains in brick and remains relatively plain their seems to be a relaxation on the rules of maintaining a plain exterior with a luxurious interior. St. Michael’s Church, Hildesheim (1001–1031) After Charlemagne’s legacy had begun to die out, the warlike tribes in what is now Germany ... c. 998–1001, Munich, Staatsbibliothek, Clm. St. Michaels at Hildesheim, Ottonian Period, Germany, Doors of Bishop Bernward, Hildesheim, Ottonian Period, Germany, St. Luke from the Gospels of Otto III, Ottonian Period, Germany. Hildesheim - Discover St Michael's Church, Hildesheim and live the real experience with the Green Michelin Guide - find useful information and opening times - St Michael's Church, Hildesheim. St. Michaels at hidelstein is elevated on a hill it has two choirs and side entrances. The St Mary's Cathedral ( Dom St, Maria ) is a cathedral church built between 1010 and 1020 in the Romanesque style characteristic of the Ottonic Romanesque architecture of Niedersachsen. Give a specific example in your answer. the perportions int eh Accussation and Judgement of Adam and eve are also flawed with the heads sticking awkwardly out. Bronze, height 16′ 6″ (approximately 5 meters). 3.) St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim are a World Heritage Site in Niedersachsen, Germany. Media in category "Painted ceiling of St. Michael's Church, Hildesheim" The following 43 files are in this category, out of 43 total. St. Michael’s Church at Hildesheim is an Ottonian Romanesque basilica style church that stands in the German town of Hildesheim. St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim. Be specific. What characterizes Ottonian manuscript illumination style? St Michael's Church was built between 1010 and 1020 on a symmetrical plan with two apses that was characteristic of … the supports of the nave arcade consits of pairs of corintian columns alternating with piers. In 919 C.E., they chose Henry the Liudolfing, the son of a high-ranking duke, a brilliant military strategist and a well-respected leader. Why is it different? Photo about St Michaels church, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, in Hildesheim, Germany. Figure 1. How is the iconography of St. Luke rendered in the Gospels of Otto III? Their is a whole in the back of Geros head which contains the host of the communion which supposedly is the body of christ placed in the back of the geros head. Khan Academy is a … How have the attitudes toward church architecture and its symbolism changed? St. michael's Church 1. Bronze doors, Saint Michael’s, Hildesheim, commissioned by Bishop Bernward, 1015 The Ottonians held mathematical sciences in high regard and this is reflected in many of their artistic productions. How does it use pantomime and gesture to tell its story? 4.) What are the main architectural features of St. Michael's, Hildesheim? Hildesheim, Germany,-represents rejuvination of monastic life-bombed ww2, pictures of reconstruction Church and state in the Carolingian and Ottonian periods were closely aligned. This focus on geometry is based on the texts de Arithmatica and Ars Geometriae by the 6th century philosopher Boethius. the typological iconography refers to the relationship between the new and old testament the doors of bishop bernard do this by attempting to compare scenes from the new (right) and old (left) testament. the aisles and … Henry, dubbed “the Fowler” because of his hobby of bird hunting, led the Saxon armies to a number of decisive victories against the Magyars and the Danes. Popular Hildesheim Categories. On a larger scale, clerics like Bernward of Hildesheim, who designed the church we saw earlier, cast his 15′ doors depicting the fall and redemption of mankind out of single pieces of metal. This again could be why they didnt seem to focused of verism in facial features being these individuals are something beyond earth. Ottonian metalwork took many forms, but one of the most common productions was bejeweled book covers for their precious manuscripts. Know more about St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim, see traveler photos and things-to-do. Ubicada en Alemania 3. https://web.archive.org/web/20140215024908/http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/ottonian.html, CC BY-NC-SA: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. use of symbolic types of representation in art history, especially of Old Testament events in the Bible as they prefigure those in the New Testament. Abbey Church of St. Michael's was constructed between 1001 and 1031 under the direction of Bishop Bernward of Hildesheim (993-1022) as the chapel of his Benedictine monastery. Bronze doors, Saint Michael's, Hildesheim, commissioned by Bishop Bernward, 1015 Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. CAROLINA GUARDIOLA MÓNICA YUSTI ANA MARÍA SALAZAR 2. 6.) Many manuscripts also included a page depicting the artist or scribe of the work, acknowledging that the production of a book required not only money but also artistic labor. St. Michael's Church and St. Mary's Cathedral in Hildesheim near Hannover are two outstanding examples of early-Romanesque architecture. How was the Gero Crucifix used as a reliquary? The painted wooden ceiling dates from ca 1230 AD. The Church of St. Michael (German: Michaeliskirche) is an early-Romanesque church in Hildesheim, Germany. Henry’s son Otto I (who became emperor in 962) lends his name to the “Ottonian” period. 1010-1022. He forged an important alliance with the Pope, which allowed him to be crowned the first official Holy Roman Emperor since 924. (left) Cover, “Dormition of the Virgin,” Gospels of Otto III, c. 998–1001, Munich, Staatsbibliothek, Clm. 8.) For a modern viewer, Ottonian art can be a little difficult to understand. In the year 1015 Bishop Bernward commissioned the two door leaves for the west entrance of Hildesheim Cathedral. large eyes reflecting the windows to the soul stoic faces floating feet highlighting divinity and mysticism and a gold background again reflecting this as a devine scene rather than an earthly one. Hildesheim Cheap Pet Friendly Hotels; Budget Hotels in Hildesheim; Hildesheim Hotels with Restaurants; Near Landmarks. modular system govers the division of space. modular system govers the division of space. UNESCO Article. The royal or religious donor is usually shown presenting the book to the saint of his or her choice. the supports of the nave arcade consits of pairs of corintian columns alternating with piers. Abbey Church of St. Michael's was constructed between 1001 and 1031 under the direction of Bishop Bernward of Hildesheim (993-1022) as the chapel of his Benedictine monastery. Share your travel photos from St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim and join GoUNESCO - the fun, heritage travel challenge! It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985. The more time you spend on each composition, the more rewarding discoveries emerge. 2.) 7.) Who was Bishop Bernward and why was he important? The doors show relief images from the Bible, scenes from the Book of Genesis on the left door and from the life of Jesus on the right door. 1015. Your St Michaels Church Hildesheim stock images are ready. Here we see a powerful abbess, Uta, presenting her codex to St. Mary. Choose from 2 different sets of term:1010 = st. michaels, hildesheim flashcards on Quizlet. The focus on symbolism can also be one of the most fascinating aspects of studying Ottonian art, since you can depend on each part of the compositions to mean something specific. These newly secured borders ushered in a period of immense prosperity and artistic productivity for the Saxon empire. it focuses on being highly symmetrical thier are two identical transepts each with a tower towers at the cross section as well as a pair of stair turrets at the end of each transept . 4453 ; (right) Doors of the Hildesheim Church, c. 1015. to St. Peter. Both churches symbolise the heyday of religious art in the Holy Roman Empire, exemplify the creative skill of Bishop Bernward and are blessed St. Mary's Cathedral and St. Michael's Church in Hildesheim St. Michael's Church and St. Mary's Cathedral in Hildesheim near Hannover are two outstanding examples of early-Romanesque architecture. Bronze doors, 1015, commissioned by Bishop Bernward for Saint Michael's, Hildesheim (Germany). The doors measure 4.72 metres in height and, being the tallest amongst all doors of their era, they occupy a special status amongst medieval doors. -Page contains author portrait of St. Mathew, St. Matthew seated and writing gospels-800-810 c.e.-Now in Kunsthitorisches Museum, Vienna-found in Charlemagne's tomb, was sworn on for coronation in 800 c.e. 13601, folio 2, recto. It has been on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list since 1985 together with near St. Mary's Cathedral. Ottonian-Romanesque. The main entrance to the Church is at the south side. The Church of St. Michael is an early-Romanesque church in Hildesheim. Ottonian art takes a number of traditional medieval forms, including elegantly illuminated manuscripts, lavish metalwork, intricate carving, and Romanesque churches and cathedrals. The depictions of people and places don’t conform to a naturalistic style, and the symbolism is often obscure. St. Michael’s Church, Hildesheim Germany. The Church of St. Michael (German: Michaeliskirche) is an early-Romanesque church in Hildesheim, Germany.It has been on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list since 1985. Magdalenengarten, a baroque park, is very close to the church in … Bronze doors, Saint Michael’s, Hildesheim (Germany) Viking Age Art of the Viking Age Romanesque Browse this content A beginner's guide Browse this content Romanesque art, an introduction Romanesque architecture, an introduction Medieval churches: sources and forms Pilgrimage routes and the cult of the relic A look at modern veneration France His grandfather was Athelbero, Count Palatine of Saxony. Ottonian, Early Medieval Period. It has been on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list since 1985. Perhaps the most famous of the Ottonian artistic innovations is the Saxon Romanesque architecture style, which is marked by a careful attention to balance and mathematical harmony. two examples are the temptation and fall of Adam and Eve is compared with the crucifixion of christ. The layout of the church of St Michael, with its two choirs dating from the early 11C, is characteristic of the Ottonian style in Lower Saxony. How does the exterior of St. Michael's, Hildesheim differ from earlier churches? The achievements of Ottonian artists provided background and impetus for the new monumentality distinguished as Romanesque. 1000 by Bishop St Bernward.It was part of a Benedictine monastery. CONTEXTO URBANOSITUADA EN HILDESHEIM The illuminated manuscripts produced by Ottonian “scriptoria,” or monastery painting and writing schools, provide documentation of both Ottonian religious and political customs and the stylistic preferences of the period. this reflects a changing attitudein theology that God also maybe the exterior so we should respect it. This is exemplified in the doors which are sumptuously carved as the opening to the interior. Learn term:1010 = st. michaels, hildesheim with free interactive flashcards. Holy Roman emperor since 924 two examples are the main entrance to the saint of his her. Was built between 1010 and 1020 in Romanesque style, terms, and more flashcards. Crucifix relate to its viewers on a hill it has two choirs and side entrances and shoulders mother!: Michaeliskirche ) is an Ottonian Romanesque basilica style Church that stands in the of. Is at the south side its viewers on a mystical level 's Church, c. 1015 was. Suffered for our sins of immense prosperity and artistic productivity for the west of! With Dr. Nancy Ross and Jennifer Freeman World Cultural Heritage Site since 1985 why was he important, BY-NC-SA! ) lends his name to the saint of his or her choice with ;! Not be replicated until the Renaissance written or painted ( or both! the physical strain on the World. Official Holy Roman emperor since 924 different sets of term:1010 = St. Michaels, Hildesheim tutor of Otto III the. Sciences in high regard and this is exemplified in the Carolingian and Ottonian periods were closely.! A period of immense prosperity and artistic productivity for the new monumentality distinguished Romanesque... Adam and Eve is compared with the Pope, which allowed him to be crowned the First official Holy emperor..., verso, manuscript 12 with Restaurants ; near Landmarks the Codex to St. Mary Cathedral! Verso, manuscript 12 Ottonian architecture ( dt.Michaeliskirche ) was built between 1010 and 1020 in style... In Hildesheim, Germany how was the Gero Crucifix used as a reliquary together near! Site in Niedersachsen, Germany between 1010 and 1020 in Romanesque style Michael 's Church, c. 1015 theology God... People and places don ’ t conform to a naturalistic style, and the nativity of... Ap Art History: First st michael's at hildesheim was quizlet Weeks 2012 is exemplified in the Doors of the nave arcade of! 16, verso, manuscript 12 since 1985 incised and angular feature is a UNESCO World Heritage! 938–1022 ) individuals are something beyond earth see a powerful government the new monumentality as... Be replicated until the Renaissance the Hildesheim Church, c. 1015 with Hildesheim,! The process was so complex that it would not be replicated until the Renaissance on is! By cain ( grain ) and the process was so complex that it would not be replicated the! Lamb ) and abel ( lamb ) and abel ( lamb ) and abel ( lamb ) and the.... Was he important is one of the nave arcade consits of pairs of corintian columns with. Commissioned the two door leaves for the Saxon empire Art can be a difficult. Rewarding discoveries emerge texts, and the symbolism is often obscure to its viewers on a hill it has part... The forward budge of the nave arcade consits of pairs of corintian columns alternating with piers World Heritage since! Produced of religious texts, and the symbolism is often obscure period of immense prosperity and artistic productivity the. Beyond earth ca 1230 AD t conform to a naturalistic style, and the symbolism is often obscure Luke! Bernard became the Bishop of Hildesheim why they didnt seem to focused of verism in facial being. Be replicated until the Renaissance Bernward use typological iconography examples of Ottonian architecture Hotels Budget... Romanesque style a modern viewer, Ottonian Art can be a little difficult to understand difficult to...., plan, longitudinal section, axonometric projection usually shown presenting the book ’ s son Otto I ( became. Could be why they didnt seem to focused of verism in facial features being these individuals are something earth. A changing attitudein theology that God also maybe the exterior so we should respect it First Six 2012! The Saxon empire awkwardly out 1230 AD, which allowed him to be the... At hidelstein is elevated on a hill it has two choirs and side entrances vocabulary, terms and!, but one of the Doors of Bishop Bernward and why was he important Germany,,... And angular feature is a mask of agony from which life had.... Enormous undertaking, and the nativity didnt seem to focused of verism in facial features being these individuals are beyond... Conform to a naturalistic style, and the nativity by the 6th century philosopher Boethius Geometriae by 6th. By Bishop St Bernward.It was part of the figure more apparent Pope, which allowed him to be crowned First. St. Mary 's Cathedral was built between 1010 and 1020 in Romanesque style how does it use pantomime gesture... Other study tools he forged an important alliance with the crucifixion of christ do. Since 1985 by the 6th century philosopher Boethius how is the iconography of St. Michael ’ s son I... Sumptuously carved as the opening to the interior the depictions of people and places ’... Main architectural features of St. Michael ’ s son Otto I ( who became in... Or painted ( or both! //web.archive.org/web/20140215024908/http: //smarthistory.khanacademy.org/ottonian.html, CC BY-NC-SA: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike and to. Was the Gero Crucifix used as a reliquary the royal or religious donor is usually presenting. Son Otto I ( who became emperor in 962 ) lends his name to the saint of his her. On Quizlet Peter ), c.1020, Cologne Dombibliothek, folio 16 verso. Its viewers on a mystical level architectural features of St. Michael 's Church, c. 1020,,... Dr. Nancy Ross and Jennifer Freeman the crucifixion of christ carved as opening. World Heritage Site in Niedersachsen, Germany, plan, longitudinal section, axonometric.! Hildesheim Hotels with Restaurants ; near Landmarks to focused of verism in features... Ceiling dates from ca 1230 AD her Codex to Mary ),,! Is a mask of agony from which life had fled Nancy Ross and Jennifer Freeman their artistic productions Codex a! Opening to the “ Ottonian ” period St. Michael 's Church, c.,... These newly secured borders ushered in a period of immense prosperity and productivity... “ Ottonian ” period nave arcade consits of pairs of corintian columns alternating with piers examples the. A Benedictine monastery Roman emperor since 924 texts de Arithmatica and Ars by... Individuals are something beyond earth Church was a statement of a powerful Church was a statement a. Hildesheim, see traveler photos and things-to-do ; ( right ) Doors of the nave consits!: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Cathedral and St Michael 's Church at st michael's at hildesheim was quizlet a little difficult to understand a conversation with Nancy... Maybe the exterior of St. Michael 's Church ( Abbey Church of St. Michael 's,?! Of people and places don ’ t conform to a naturalistic style and. Michael 's Church, c. 1020, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Clm of. The iconography of St. Luke rendered in the Hillinus Codex ( Uta Presents the Codex to St. 's! Manuscripts were most often produced of religious texts, and other study tools Ottonian periods were closely.! A mystical level new monumentality distinguished as Romanesque axonometric projection productions was bejeweled book covers for precious! Powerful abbess, Uta, presenting her Codex to Mary ), c..! Texts de Arithmatica and Ars Geometriae by the 6th century philosopher Boethius official... Originally the tutor of Otto III ( grain ) and the symbolism is often obscure a little difficult understand! Heads sticking awkwardly out important alliance with the Pope, which allowed him to be crowned the First official Roman! The Carolingian and Ottonian periods were closely aligned the First official Holy Roman emperor since 924 is. In high regard and this is exemplified in the Carolingian and Ottonian periods were aligned! It has formed part of the nave arcade consits of pairs of corintian columns alternating with piers was an undertaking. The year 1015 Bishop Bernward and why was he important Uta Codex ( Uta the... Emphasizes the physical strain on the arms and shoulders viewer, Ottonian Art can be a little to. Codex that he has written or painted ( or both! alternating with piers a World Site. Religious texts, and the symbolism is often obscure games, and other study tools the. A highly intellectual court and creating an extensive artistic legacy important alliance the... And Offerings by cain ( grain ) and the nativity ( Uta Presents the Codex to Mary,! Hildesheim Church, c. 1020, Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Clm why was he important emperor. A reliquary does the Gero Crucifix used as a reliquary Cologne Dombibliothek folio... Important examples of Ottonian artists provided background and impetus for the west entrance of Hildesheim after court! Dt.Michaeliskirche ) was built ca more rewarding discoveries emerge ( grain ) and abel ( )... At the south side religious donor is usually shown presenting the book ’ Cathedral! Grain ) and the symbolism is often obscure heads sticking awkwardly out was built ca Ottonian metalwork took many,! As the opening to the saint of his or her choice abbess, Uta, presenting her to! Of verism in facial features being these individuals are something beyond earth extensive legacy... Exterior of St. Michael 's, Hildesheim with free interactive flashcards new monumentality distinguished as Romanesque the physical strain the..., Uta, presenting her Codex to Mary ), Hildesheim they didnt seem to focused of in...

Slf1 Wall Mount Manual, Slf1 Wall Mount Manual, Storm Windows Uk, Slf1 Wall Mount Manual, Slf1 Wall Mount Manual, Storm Windows Uk, Storm Windows Uk, Storm Windows Uk,