Point out the selection of the proper hitch pin for the tank, SMV signs, and other warning signs. In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia. ANHYDROUS AMMONIA -- Chemical Fact Sheet. Ammonia ammonia; anhydrous ammonia Gas. 899 0 obj <> endobj Anhydrous ammonia (also called ammonia) consists of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3). Ammonia is also produced naturally from decomposition of organic matter, including plants, animals, and animal wastes. Ammonia vapor, in concentrations of 16-25% volume by weight in air, is flammable, toxic by inhalation and corrosive. @�� s� t�W Anhydrous ammonia is a highly effective fertilizer that helps farmers feed our growing population and replenish nutrients in the soil. Anhydrous ammonia reacts to form explosive products, mixtures or compounds with mercury, gold, silver, iodine, bromine, silver oxide and silver chloride. 345 0 obj <> endobj ��b�1ح��E��gn��);��֓'���5�D �[��3��`��]��6E[�ʁ��l�,��O�]��{eW�nn;I u۩@~�4� ���v i,P�k�V׺W�W����Ub��w�a��h�-��@�s�y ��N%�UW�=�ϕY���ƕ��V^LC@�T���V� ��I�԰�*�c6����>>>/Filter/Standard/Length 128/O(��֦��:����V�joI��gi��\)ׁy)/P -1340/R 4/StmF/StdCF/StrF/StdCF/U(x��������mb�"H )/V 4>> endobj 901 0 obj <>/Metadata 24 0 R/Pages 897 0 R/StructTreeRoot 41 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 902 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 897 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 903 0 obj <>stream 944 0 obj <>stream Anhydrous ammonia corrodes brass valving turning the brass to a blue/green color. In enclosed circulating aqua cultural systems, ammoniacal What is it?1 Anhydrous Ammonia is a colorless, corrosive and highly irritating gas with a sharp, suffocating odor. “As liquid anhydrous ammonia is released from its container into the air, it expands rapidly, forming a large cloud that acts like a heavier-than-air gas for a period of time,” the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adds. SIZING ANHYDROUS AMMONIA STORAGE TANKS Anhydrous Ammonia liquid weighs approximately 5 pounds per gallon, at 60°F. In pure form, it is known as anhydrous ammonia. Pressurized tanks of any kind may rupture if heated. “Because the vapors hug the ground initially, the chances for humans to … It is essential in the body as a building block for making proteins and other complex molecules. 916 0 obj <>/Encrypt 900 0 R/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<36D8E5AB2AD9B64086DB6238839F5A59>]/Index[899 46]/Info 898 0 R/Length 85/Prev 222689/Root 901 0 R/Size 945/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream When released to the environment, though, it becomes a toxic gas. It is stored and transported as a liquefied gas in pressurized tanks. A pound of liquid Anhydrous Ammonia will generate 22.5 SCF of ammonia vapor and 45 SCR of dissociated ammonia gas. A majority (80%) of all manufactured ammonia is used as agricultural fertilizer, a third of which is directly applied to soil as anhydrous ammonia. Anhydrous ammonia forms explosive mixtures in air with hydrocarbons, chlorine, fluorine and silver nitrate. Higher exposures may cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), a medical emergency, with severe shortness of breath. "Anhydrous Ammonia" with 2-inch lettering (4 sides). Ammonia has alkaline properties and is corrosive. Review the fact sheet "Safe Handling of Anhydrous Ammonia" included with this module. Some chemical/physical properties of ammonia are: Anhydrous ammonia gas is lighter than air and will rise, so that generally it dissipates and does not settle in low-lying areas. Ammonia Fact Sheet for Clinicians Introduction: ... Anhydrous ammonia (NH 3) is a colorless gas with a very sharp odor at low concentrations. At minus 28 degrees Fahrenheit (-33 degrees Celsius), ammonia becomes a liquid. In nature, ammonia occurs in soil from bacterial processes. Identification::: Chemical name :ammonia Supplier's details : Ammonia Product use :Synthetic/Analytical chemistry. These vapors may spread along the ground or into low-lying areas with poor airflow where people may become exposed. Liquid anhydrous ammonia expands 850 times when released to ambient air and can form large vapor clouds. endstream endobj startxref AMMONIA FACT SHEET International Headquarters & Laboratory Phone 630 505 0160 WWW.WQA.ORG A not-for-profit organization. Contact with liquid Ammonia can cause frostbite. A storage tank is … Its odor allows it to be noticed at low concentrations. This guidance is intended to supplement - not replace - the Minnesota Anhydrous Ammonia Rules, Parts 1513. How Ammonia is Used Ammonia occurs naturally in the environment and is a commonly used industrial chemical. Ammonia is a gas at normal temperatures and pressure. endstream endobj 346 0 obj <. As a fertilizer, it provides essential nitrogen for plants and is imperative that proper precautions are taken to ensure that it is handled correctly. �n endstream endobj startxref Ammonia is widely used in the production of many nitrogenous chemicals, such as ammonium nitrate fertilizer. As a refrigerant, it can be found at ice works, cold stores and various food processing facilities (e.g. Because of this, anhydrous ammonia should be treated as a flammable gas. Land transport ADR/RID H.I. %%EOF Anhydrous ammonia is a hygroscopic compound, meaning that it takes up water from the nearest source, which can include the human body—especially the eyes, lungs, and skin because of their high moisture content. h�bbd``b`Z$g�3 ��bi�Xw@�$؜A�x���"�A�����KL��/�,Fb���? What Does Ammoniation Cost? Upon application the pressurised liquid converts immediately to the gaseous form. �E� .p003Ҽ`�@����Ϡ���``=�w!� � ���SM��8�hi�u@zX. Ammonium hydroxide is very volatile and may release anhydrous ammonia as a gas. Exposure to high concentrations of ammonia in air causes immediate burning of the nose, throat and respiratory tract. %%EOF This fact sheet was prepared by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture to provide information on some of the State of Minnesota requirements for facilities, which store, handle and use anhydrous ammonia on their premises. The severity of health effects depends on the route of exposure, the dose and the duration of exposure. Anhydrous ammonia is stored as a liquid under pressure. SAFETY DATA SHEET Page : 6 / 7 Revised edition no : 0 Date : 26/ 08 / 2014 Supersedes : 0 / 0 / 0 Ammonia SDS_002_CLP 14 Transport information (continued): 8 : Corrosive substance. 0 Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. %PDF-1.5 %���� CGA G2.1 - 2014 11.5.2 - Each nurse tank must be equipped with the following safety equipment and features: 1. The UN Number for anhydrous ammonia is 1005 and is placarded Class 2.2, Nonflammable gas. Inhaling Ammonia can irritate the lungs causing coughing and/or shortness of breath. In water, most of the ammonia changes to ammonium ions (NH +). • Dermal exposures:Concentrated ammonia may produce liquefaction necrosis and deep penetrating burns. Anhydrous ammonia is stored at -28 degrees F, and exposure may result in frostbite injury. Table 4 gives an example of these costs. A powerful fertilizer delivering nitrogen to topsoil, anhydrous ammonia (NH3) is a popular-but-dangerous chemical applied onto farmlands across the US at the beginning of planting season. When inside inappropriate pressure cylinders (e.g. ���&�A�^��� =SS���7p���7��h����/�s�-�/F�����+�$��$�a�HR+�u@i�~���`0Á7�au�Z�o&�*�>[8�۰ [*�����5�vp�j�ojg�ZO��2ܦ.���v� �ڭ��b%�}r�kR�aSo����֧�X��џ���V�H۵����~�_�S�D���Z��J�2��|�۝ϜU��@��mv��6�E��X�����Y��0;z�b��1my�Əkx?�V3��`QK-�p�y]��d�Wc�O�FҊsb�Z�G���G�Q�I��?�.K蜦n�y����*�U��C��dogԾ: ��&>��ad�&����C��K[3��0�-�֙��ӌ�2;Ā��d+D����N[K���� Personal protection is the responsibility of both the employer and the employee. Trainer's Note Review this module in advance. ]�A�m�@���%�H͓����,����>�/�����L!mZ�b��*����-U1�H���D�vSA� NO����t;��.�I��є�QOb6]�d�X�)�� ��#r�� �ڰ���)�� ��nP؅����oHr�m�82O{���W�e'q z���:'�e$b�;ưŐ�V�}�B�����/�϶+;����^0��:j�bg��M��]͐�M�d۵"�[�{i��lrP+�{�Q�<2�����C���h�7�ZS겋����N���8C��d�r?Rx'�U`�(|����z�u.��[-#=ά�f�Ve6�O���>R�>( $a!����Ƨ���r;7/)��7Ռ�z�L�{l����� �����=�2 Z�Sn������(��x��^4������yf v0+���G�yb�p�=t��+���ݻ�a to the fact that it is both water- and lipid-soluble. For additional information on safe handling of anhydrous ammonia, see OSU Fact Sheet BAE-1723, Anhydrous Ammonia. This fact sheet and the Growing Safely Anhydrous video provides tips to help avoid costly injuries or fatalities. Environmentally hazardous substance or mixture. Anhydrous ammonia is used mainly as an agricultural fertiliser, industrial refrigerant and in the manufacture of ammonium nitrate based fertilisers and explosives. In pure form it is known as anhydrous ammonia and is hygroscopic (readily absorbs moisture). Ammonia easily dissolves in water, and in this form is known as liquid ammonia, aqueous ammonia or ammonia solution. Ammonia is irritating and corrosive. Anhydrous ammonia has potentially explosive reactions with strong oxidizers. 2.3 : Toxic gas. It easily dissolves in water to form a solution called Ammonium Hydroxide or Aqueous Ammonia. However, in the presence of moisture (such as high relative humidity), the liquefied anhydrous ammonia gas forms vapors that are heavier than air. Ammonia gas dissolves easily in water to form ammonium hydroxide, a caustic solution and weak base. Anhydrous ammonia is a strong alkali that can cause death or severe injury to body tissue due to its caustic, corrosive, freezing and dehydrating action. 0 Exposure to high concentrations in the air causes immediate burning of the eyes, nose, throat and respiratory tract and can result in blindness, lung damage or death. WQA Technical Fact Sheet: Ammonia increasing pH and temperature of the water. For first aid purposes, at least 5 gallons of clean water in a container designed to provide ready %PDF-1.6 %���� Anhydrous ammonia is caustic, corrosive, and damaging to tissue high in moisture content when it contacts the human body. It may aerosolize and behave as a dense gas, even though it is normally lighter than air. h�b```g``�g`f`�:��ǀ |@1 �8�Շ�a t?>U�+��1%o�vmm�RjM�{�m��Z��Yx���y@�_Y>)G�������z��F�⪍�q9Γn�����vh�j����$���C�O=���d��V�(� U���Ub_`7�E�I,&3eQӻ. Extended Safety Data Sheet AMMONIA Last data update : 2015-04-15 Document type Name Last data update VersionPage Safety data sheets AMMONIA 2015-04-10 10 2 Exposure Scenario Ammonia_Industrial use, Processing aid, an auxiliary agent in ... Anhydrous ammonia : Netherlands : MAC - STEL (15min; mg/m³) : 36 It is also produced when plants, animals and animal wastes decay. Anhydrous ammonia is considered nonflammable; however, at very high concentrations in air [15-28% (150,000-280,000 ppm)], it will explode if ignited. Ammonia is one of the most widely produced chemicals in the United States. Anhydrous means without water, therefore anhydrous ammonia denotes pure ammonia without water. meat, dairy, processed foods and drinks). Because ammonia is a gas at temperatures above –28° F, it is compressed and kept as a liquid in tanks that withstand high pressure for transport and storage. Synonyms: ammonia, R717, anhydrous ammonia, sprit of hartshorn, ammonia anhydrous. 360 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<9B8A5DBCDC5E114694EDBF524699B48D><11B9D998AB8FD549B67742C06364294A>]/Index[345 26]/Info 344 0 R/Length 78/Prev 61011/Root 346 0 R/Size 371/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Objective: To learn the necessary safety precautions for towing anhydrous ammonia tanks. ammonia is a colorless, pungent-smelling gas and lighter than air. Ammonia is colourless, acrid smelling, high water-soluble gas at room temperature, also referred to as anhydrous (“without water”) ammonia. The primary direct costs associated with ammoniation include costs for anhydrous ammonia, polyethylene sheeting, and labor. 370 0 obj <>stream SAFETY DATA SHEET GHS product identifier Other means of identification Product type Section 1. h�bbd``b`ׁ� �tH�: 6�u��"V��X�%$X,��w:�Pl^����A�20,��_�3� �z] Use of Aqueous Ammonia, where possible, is a safer This flyer is a resource to ensure facilities are aware that ammonia (anhydrous) is a chemical of interest (COI) under the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS). Because it does come with its disadvantages, take a look at these NH3 safety and management tips to keep your farm and your employees safe. Inhaling Ammonia can irritate the nose and throat causing coughing and wheezing. Ammonia is corrosive. The ammonia then combines with water in the soil to form ammonium (NH4+) ions as depicted in the following equation: It is a clear, colourless liquid under pressure. Any individual or facility that possesses 10,000 lb or more of ammonia (anhydrous)—expected to be less than 10% water—must report their chemical holdings to the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). FACT SHEET Ammonia CAS Number: 7664-41-7 Office of the Executive Director June 2014 TEXAS COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY This fact sheet provides a summary of the Development Support Document (DSD) created by the TCEQ for the development of Regulatory Guidelines (ESLs, AMCVs and ReVs) for ambient exposure to this chemical. Z�\(8���x�(t�nzP6���w��YԴ�N��������LOJ(��~�ӣI�7�m�"ҹf. Ammonia gas is easily compressed and forms a clear liquid under pressure. A demonstration of the proper way to tow anhydrous ammonia tanks can be done at the training session. Ammonia is also produced in the human body and is commonly found in nature. 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